HARMON CURRAN NONPROFIT LAW BLOG
2020 Inflation Adjustments
The IRS has announced new, inflation-adjusted rates and limits for 2020.
Low Cost Article
The unrelated business income of certain tax-exempt organizations does not include proceeds from the distribution of “low cost articles” related to charitable solicitations (such as mugs or key chains imprinted with the organization’s logo). For the 2020 tax year, a low cost article is an article costing $11.20 or less, a ten cent increase from 2019.
Other Insubstantial Benefits
In Revenue Procedure 90-12 (as amplified by Rev. Proc. 92-49 and modified by Rev. Proc. 92-102), the IRS provided guidelines for charitable organizations regarding the deductibility of contributions for donors who receive something in return for their payments. The original guidelines stated that even when donors receive benefits in return for their donations, they may still deduct the entire amount donated under one of the following two circumstances:
- If, for a contribution of $25 or more, the contributor did not receive something in return that costs more than $5, or the rate of a “low cost article,” as described above; or
- If the fair market value of all the benefits received in connection with the donation is not more than 2% of the payment, or $50, whichever is less.
The $5/$25/$50 schedule is adjusted annually for inflation. For the 2020 tax year, the schedule has been increased to $11.20, $56, and $112 respectively.
Effective January 1, 2020, the mileage rate for business use of a vehicle decreases to 57.5 cents per mile, from the 58 cents mileage rate for 2019. The mileage rate for use of a vehicle for medical or moving purposes also decreases in 2020 to 17 cents per mile. The standard mileage deduction rate for volunteer or charitable use of a vehicle remains at 14 cents per mile.
57.5¢/mile for business use
17¢/mile for medical or moving purposes
14¢/mile for volunteer or charitable use
58¢/mile for business use
20¢/mile for medical or moving purposes
14¢/mile for volunteer or charitable use
Lobbying Expenditure Notice Exemption
Internal Revenue Code Section 6033(e) requires certain tax-exempt organizations that pay or incur non-deductible lobbying expenditures to provide their members and supporters, at the time dues (or other similar amounts) are assessed or paid, with a reasonable estimate of the portion of dues that is allocable to such expenditures. In 1998, the IRS issued Revenue Procedure 98-19, which established that 501(c)(4) social welfare organizations and 501(c)(5) agricultural and horticultural organizations are exempt from this notification requirement if more than 90% of their annual dues (or similar amounts) are received from persons, families or entities who pay $75 or less. This annual dues limitation is indexed for inflation, and has increased to $119 for the 2020 tax year.
Annual Exclusion for Gifts
The annual gift tax exclusion remains unchanged at $15,000. The first $15,000 worth of gifts to any person (other than gifts of future interests in property) will not be included in the total value of taxable gifts.
Retirement Plan Limits
Some of the key annual limits related to retirement plans have increased for 2020. The maximum limit on annual benefits under a pension or defined benefit plan is $230,000, which is a $5,000 increase from 2019. The limit on total contributions to defined contribution plans such as a 401(k) or 403(b) also increased, from $56,000 to $57,000. Additionally, the maximum amount of salary an employee participating in a 401(k) or 403(b) may contribute to the plan has increased, up $500 from 2019 to $19,500 in 2020, with a “catch-up” contribution of $6,500 (up from $6,000) allowed for employees aged 50 and older. The limit on annual contributions to an IRA remains unchanged at $6,000 and the additional catch-up contribution to IRAs for older employees stays at $1,000.
Also increasing in 2020 is the maximum amount of an employee’s compensation which can be considered under a qualified pension, profit-sharing or stock bonus plan. The new limit is $285,000, a $5,000 increase from 2019. The compensation threshold for who constitutes a “highly compensated employee” increased from $125,000 to $130,000.
Healthcare Flexible Spending Account Limits
In 2020, the amount employees may contribute to a health flexible spending account (FSA) without paying income or employment taxes is $2,750. This is a $50.00 increase from 2019.
This publication is designed to provide accurate and authoritative information about the subject matter covered. It is not distributed with the intent to render legal, accounting, or other professional advice. The services of a competent professional should be sought if legal advice or other expert assistance is required.